The second wave of Covid-19 pandemic is hitting India very badly. The Kumbh Mela in Uttarakhand has also witnessed 30 positive cases. This shows that the government is not able to control the rising number of cases even after the emergence of vaccines like Covishield and Covaxin. Different state Governments are using different ways to handle and control the rising number of cases of Covid patients. For an understanding response of different states first, let’s see the current Covid tally.
A glance at the current Covid tally:
The Covid cases in India have crossed over 1.5 lakh daily cases. With this India has overtaken Brazil and became the second-highest country in terms of covid cases. The rising number of cases is accompanied by a shortage of hospital beds, oxygen, medicines, and vaccine doses. For this, the government is planning to give its Oxygen plants to over 100 new hospitals. But despite this, death cases due to Covid have reached the tally of 1185 people. The total death count of the country has reached 1,74,308 cases.
For a better understanding let’s look at the state-wise tally and response.
The situation in Maharashtra:
The worst-hit state in terms of the Covid pandemic is Maharashtra. It has been reported approx. 61,695 Covid patients fresh cases. With this, the tally has risen to 36 lakh 39 thousand 855 cases. The death count is also not stopping. It has reached 59153 cases.
The response from the Maharashtra government came in the form of a strict curfew till the end of this month. Whether this curfew would be able to control the rising cases, would remain a fact to be discovered. Besides this, Maharashtra’s Hafkin institute has also been permitted to make Covaxin.
The situation in Kerala:
Kerala is one of the most hit southern states. The rising number of cases has made the government headed by Pinarayi Vijayan do mass testing of people for Covid 19. The state government aims to conduct approx. 2 to 2.5 lakh tests daily.
The situation in Karnataka:
Karnataka has seen the highest single-day spike with 14738 new cases. The capital of Karnataka, Bengaluru has also experienced a large number of Covid Cases (approx. 14738 new cases in Bengaluru). An urgent meeting has been called out. But the possibility of lockdown is unlikely.
Delhi Government response :
The rising number of Covid cases in the capital of the country (over 17k cases on Wednesday and 16700 cases on Thursday) has persuaded the Delhi government to impose a weekend curfew from Friday evening to Monday morning. Shopping Malls, Gyms, Spas, etc. will remain shut down.
The state has registered 33 covid deaths and 6658 new cases. To tackle this the state has also announced a weekend curfew.
In this way, we saw that different states are doing hard efforts to control this second wave. But it is very important to ensure that the already degrading economic condition of India does not get worse.
Check all the details about the new PF rules
The government provides its citizens with various schemes for the benefits. One of the most famous government schemes is the provident fund (PF). Recently the government has announced several new rules regarding provident funds impacts almost everyone by PF in one way or another; it becomes crucial to know these new rules. So in this article, we will tell you all the details about these new PF rules.
All the details about the new EPF Rules:
1. New time for linking PF and Aadhar card
The labour ministry has announced that the new date for linking provident funds with the Aadhaar card is extended till 1st September 2021. All the EPFO (Employees Provident Fund) subscribers have to link their PF account with an Aadhar card to get benefits. If their universal account number is not attached with Aadhar Card, the employees might not receive benefits from the provident fund into their accounts.
2. Amendment to Section 142 of the Code of Social Security
The second significant development regarding the provident fund scheme is that the labour ministry has amended section 142 of the Social security code. According to the new rules, Section 142 calls for revealing the Identity of employees to get the benefits under the social security scheme. Now under the new amendment the labour ministry will use Aadhar cards to establish the identity of the employees.
Social security code 2020’s objective is to provide various social security schemes to the Employees and workers regardless of whether they work in an organised sector or unorganised sector. Therefore, The labour ministry aims to consolidate all the laws related to employees in one code for better efficiency. Section 142 of this code will be the first section of this act that the labour ministry will implement. Further, On 3rd June, The ministry released the notification for the implementation of section 142.
Under the certification, all the organised and unorganised employees must link their universal account number with their Aadhar card to enjoy benefits. Due to COVID-19, the ministry has extended the date of ECR (Electronic Challan Cum receipt) till 1st Sep 2021.
3. Shift to online approach:
Another significant development in the labour laws is that the labour ministry is trying to switch to an online model to provide services better. The processes that will soon switch to an online mode are withdrawals, KYC updates, requests for advances etc. The ministry emphasised that to avail all these online benefits, one mu, onecessarily, have linked to the Aadhar card number with their account number.
What if the employees fail to link their account with their Aadhar number?
The labour ministry has specified that if any employee fails to link the account with Aadhaar card number, it can have serious repercussions. The employee will lose all the EPF benefits, including those insurance benefits for coping with the pandemic. The bank can reject even their interest credit and withdrawal claims. Therefore all the employees should link the Aadhar card number with the account number within the stipulated time.
Employees get various social security schemes announced by the government. But they need to fulfil specific criteria for getting these benefits. Employees must take note of all these new PF rules and fulfil all these conditions within the required time. The ministry has already specified that non-compliance can lead to the loss of these benefits. Therefore the employees must stay updated with all the labour ministry notifications. Otherwise, missing out on any vital notification by the labour ministry can negatively impact the schemes provided to these employees.
Court grants bail to student activists Natasha, Kalita and Asif
Almost all of us know that the youth is the future of the country. Undoubtedly, the youth of the country tries to come ahead and fight injustice. The voice of the youth became louder after a protest in JNU and Jamia University last year. When Several JNU activists and students protested the injustice last year the police arrested them for, different charges. The main student activities from JNU included Natasha Narwal, Devangana Kalita and Asif Iqbal Tanha. Last year they were arrested for the Delhi riots. But finally, after a long row of struggle, court grants bail to student activists, they got bail and came out of jail. In this article, we will tell you all the details of this bail and the related news of these student activists.
What were the charges against these student activists, and how did they get bail?
Last year after the passing of the citizenship amendment act North East Delhi witnessed violent riots. There was considerable scale destruction, and many people got injuries in these riots. As a result, police started searching for the people who initiated this violence and hatred. Several Pinjra Tod student activists from JNU Jawaharlal Nehru University and Jamia Milia students, namely Natasha Narwal Telangana Kalita and Asif Iqbal tanha arrested by the police. Charges under the provisions of the unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) were imposed against them.
Finally, after spending one year in jail, the court has ordered for the immediate release of the activists in the northeast Delhi riots “conspiracy” case.
What response did the student activists enjoy after coming out of jail?
The three student activists got the support of a massive crowd of supporters after coming out of jail. Natasha Narwhal revealed that she received tremendous support even in Tihar Jail. She said that the student activists would continue their struggle. The student activists thanked their supporters for constant motivation and support even during their stay in jail.
What did they say about their stay in jail?
Natasha told the media that it took her a long time to believe that she was in jail for supporting the right cause. They faced stringent charges in jail. Supporting Natasha Kalita said that it is miserable that people are in jail for raising their voice for the right thing. She said that the government is trying to suppress the voice of people by putting them in jail
But they were happy that people supported them even in jail. Regarding the grant of bail, Kalita said that even after getting the bail order two or three days back, they got actual bail today. After coming out of jail, they want to continue their struggle against CAA, NPR, NRC etc.
Youth is indeed the country’s future. However, there might be instances where this future and the present might have conflicting views. Last year we saw how people had divergent views regarding the citizenship amendment act and National population register, etc. The police arrested the students who came in protest in the matter. Whether there was concrete evidence against these students for inciting violence or not is a fact that remains conflicted. Now since court grants bail to student activists and they have come out of jail, there is a high probability that the country can witness massive protests (either online or offline) again.
Automation Vs. Employment in Tech. Companies
In the present Era, when technology is progressing, life has become far more comfortable than in primitive times. But these comforts are not without dangers. As we are progressing towards artificial intelligence and machine learning, automation of work is gaining momentum. But if we look at the negative sides of automation, the first major impact will be on employment. The tech industries that witness the highest automation are also witnessing a fall in the employment of individuals. In this article, we will look at the case study of automation vs. employment in tech. companies to understand how automation can impact employment in India.
Revealings of the Report on employment in Tech companies:
Recently a report was prepared about employment in tech companies like HCL, TCS, Wipro, Mahindra, Cognizant etc. The report revealed that there could be a loss of almost three million workforces by 2022 in these tech companies. These revelations are based on the increasing automation of work in these tech companies. If We look at the present data, The domestic tech industries employ more than 16 million workforces. But unfortunately, there can be a huge reduction in the workforce in these tech industries by 2022 due to ever-increasing automation.
This reduction in workforce will help the company save almost 100 million US dollars that was earlier spent on the wages and salaries of these employees. Another positive impact on the companies will be that after successful implementation of automation and new softwares, they will get enhanced efficiency and accuracy. For instance, if these tech companies use robots for work, they can work 24 into seven without tiring and accuracy.
Recent statistics about the distribution of workforce in tech industries:
Let’s look at the current stats published by Nasscom regarding the employment distribution in these tech companies to understand better.
- These tech companies presently employ almost 16 million people, out of which employees work in low skilled jobs, including BPO roles.
- According to the data, 3 million that is 30% of this 9 million workforce working in law skill tech job, can become unemployed by 2022 due to digitalisation and automation
- The worst impact of technological advancements in rpa will be witnessed in the USA, according to the report published by Bank of America.
What does the report say about RPA (Robot Process Automation)
Robot process automation refers to the process of using softwares rather than physical Roberts for doing specialised work. This will help the companies in the differentiation of work. There will be a huge reduction in time and costs. RPA can also help developed countries in gaining back the outsourced work. The beginning of software offshoring dates back to the 1970s and 1980s, when people started using personal computers.
What are the expected outcomes of automation:
According to the report, even after automation, developed countries can face a shortage of labour while some countries like the Philippines, Greece etc., will have surplus labour. Countries like India and China, with a huge labour surplus, can suffer a lot due to this automation.
Automation and technological progress are helpful in creating a better society. But we must not ignore other crucial aspects under the veil of automation. The debate of automation Vs. employment in tech. companies is an ever-growing debate. Therefore the need of the hour is to balance between automation and employment. Concrete legislation for protecting workers’ rights in the age of digitalisation is the right step in this direction. It will remain interesting to see how the countries increase automation without creating more unemployment in the economy.
For more such information, stay tuned with us.
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